A Speech and Language Therapist (SALT) is certified to work with children, young individuals and adults who have some form of communication disorder. It is typically thought that a Speech and Language Therapist is barely able to help with actual speech manufacturing problems, but actually the range of services is way wider.
What does a Speech and Language Therapist do?
A therapist working with children and young people will initially assess both comprehension (understanding of language) and expressive language (how language is used).
The Therapist will look at various areas where difficulties might occur together with:
* Vocabulary – types of words similar to nouns (naming words), verbs (actions) and prepositions (in, on, below etc.)
* Understanding language buildings akin to following instructions – eg. “brush dolly’s hair”, “give me the yellow pencil”
Spoken language may be assessed for the following:
* Speech sounds – typically termed phonology. The child or younger individual may not have certain speech sounds in their vocabulary, or may use them inappropriately eg. “dog” turns into “dod” (termed fronting) or “glove” becomes “glub” (termed stopping)
* Articulation difficulties – the production of speech sounds could also be difficult, possibly because of a physical drawback corresponding to cleft lip/palate or poor dentition or even a co-orindation downside – Dyspraxia
* Fluency – is there any proof of dysfluency (stammering) or common hesitancy in speech
What will be performed if the child/younger person has little or no speech?
Language isn’t only the spoken word but can include communicating by various various methods. A number of the more common methods are:
* Image methods – a simple line drawing is used to signify an object or idea eg. Makaton, Rebus, Mayer Johnson
* Footage/photo systems – actual footage or pictures are used to point objects, activities etc.
* Signing techniques – embrace British Sign Language (BSL) and Makaton. These systems use handbook signs to convey meaning
* Eye pointing – through the use of a special board with symbols or footage, it is possible for a mother or father or carer to interpret what the child/younger person wants to speak by following their eye gaze until it stops at the merchandise they want. This might be helpful for children or young individuals who have physical difficulties and no Queens speech language therapy NY.
* Communication aids – these can range from easy image boards to complicated computers with voice synthesizers
What other points of communication are assessed?
Different areas which Speech and Language Therapists may look at and which underpin communication are:
Listening and a focus skills/concentration – can the child or young person attend to a activity? Not to be confused with a listening to impairment – the child or young person could hear what is said however can not concentrate sufficiently to process the information
Play and imagination – can the child play alone, alongside others (parallel play) or participate in group play? Is imaginative play current ? eg. putting doll to bed, fake tea parties
Social communication – can the child or younger individual work together with others? Do they understand the principles of conversation, resembling turn taking, repairing conversations, keeping on topic and acceptable greetings?
Useful use of language – can the child/young particular person use whatever system of communication is acceptable to them to make selections, touch upon occasions, question or refuse?
Behaviour – an incapacity to speak can be very irritating for the child/younger particular person and may end in agitated or difficult behaviour patterns.
How does the Speech and Language Therapist carry out the evaluation?
The Speech and Language Therapist will look at all areas in which the child/younger person is experiencing difficulty.
* This may include commentary or direct working with them in varied settings, resembling the house, school or college.
* Liaison with individuals who come into frequent contact with the child/young person can be very important. As well as dad and mom, academics, carers, other well being professionals etc. could also be consulted.
What occurs after assessment?
After a radical assessment, remedy options are mentioned which might include one or more of the next options:
– Direct remedy – the therapist working with the child/young person on a 1:1 basis
– Indirect therapy – a programme of labor is carried out by a named particular person eg dad or mum, carer, teaching assistant underneath the steerage of a Speech and Language Therapist who monitors progress and evaluations the programme as crucial
– Changes to communicative atmosphere eg. guaranteeing an acceptable symbols system is used within the residence/classroom etc., advising on effective communication and training staff how to use different methods of communication
Is the Speech and Language Therapist certified?
All Speech and Language Therapists will have undertaken a 3 or 4 12 months degree course at university. Some therapists could have completed a put up graduate course after following a earlier degree. Candidates require three A levels to enter the course, though mature students may be accepted with equal qualifications.